Captain George Cadell

Rich and pious, George Cadell retained strong ties with Edinburgh although he spent most of his life abroad. His ecumenical religious links, mostly later in the nineteenth century than the period covered in this study, are suggestive of the cross-denominational evangelicalism of the Victorian British churches. This is a different religious culture from that of Charlotte Chapel, with the high preaching of Bishop Sandford and the pragmatic ecumenism of men like Archibald Campbell; but it is only a short step and one which several of the younger generation may have made.

Lived
1783-1857
Origin
Haddington
Father
John Cadell of Cockenzie, Glenquoy and Tranent, Haddington, d.1814
Mother
Marie Buchan daughter of John Buchan of Letham d.1841
Religious views
In his will he left the following bequests to Edinburgh charities: £100 in 'debts of the church' (perhaps writing them off), £50 to the Sustentation Fund (which supported the Free Church of Scotland after the Disruption of 1846), £25 to the House of Refuge (which rescued prostitutes), £10 each to Foreign Mission, the Education Committee, and Water of Leith Schools, and £5 to Home Mission, Blind Asylum, Decayed Gentlewomen, Maternity Hospital and Infirmary. (4) It is interesting he supports the Free Church after being married by an Episcopalian Bishop and his involvement in the Episcopal Church in Madras (see below)
Profession
East India Company Military service.
Wealth at death
£28,000 in Scotland with more in England and India.
Story
George returned from Madras in 1841 to no.5 Ainslie Place. (6 p.87)
Chapel connection
1814 (wedding)
Married on
7 Jan 1814
Spouse
1. Susan Tod (a neighbour in Haddington), 2. Margaret Molle (1820)
Children
John (1815), Alexander (1816), James (1817), and others with Margaret.
Related to
John Inglis's kinswoman Katherine married George's uncle William Cadell, manager of the Carron Iron works. Inglises and Cadells were both involved in iron works in Cramond. (7)
Connections
Cadell witnessed the induction in 1828 of Rev. Thomas Robinson as Archdeacon of Madras; his predecessor's induction had been witnessed by George Arbuthnot (3. vol.2 pp.131,145). Cadell's will shows they had business dealings together (4). His brother Robert Cadell was partner of the publisher Archibald Constable, who, after Walter Scott's bankruptcy in 1826 became the sole publisher of his works, and enabled Scott to make arrangements to pay off his debts. (6 p.87)

Sources

  1. Registers of Charlotte Chapel (NAS CH12/3)
  2. Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1818
  3. Frank Penny, The Church in Madras (Smith Elder and Co. London 1904)
  4. Will NAS SC70/4/53/965
  5. Inventory NAS SC70/1/95/501
  6. Ann Mitchell, No more corncraiks: Lord Moray's feuars in Edinburgh's New Town (Edinburgh: Scottish Cultural Press 1998)
  7. Patrick Cadell, The Iron Mills at Cramond (Bratton Publishing Ltd, Edinburgh 1973)

Back to index