Sir James Dawes Douglas

James is one of a group of highly respectable figures in the congregation (another is John Cay, his brother-in-law) who brought wealth into Scotland, through trade, slavery and war.

14 January 1785-1862
Grange, Jamaica
Major James Sholto Douglas of Grange, Jamaica. His father was slave owner Charles James Sholto Douglas, who in December 1767 released a slave, Cuaffee, who had betrayed a conspiracy. (3)
Sarah Dawes, daughter of James Dawes
On his marriage he took 29 Heriot Row where he lived until 1820.
Commissioned Ensign in the Black Watch on the staff of Major General Sir James Duff in Limerick. By 1806 he had risen to deputy assistant quartermaster general with the force sent to South America, and served in Spain with Sir John Moore in the disastrous retreat from Salamanca and at the Battle of Corunna. In 1809 he was promoted major and his brigade distinguished itself in various engagements in the Peninsular war. In 1813 he was injured several times and eventually lost a leg. At the conclusion of the war he received a pension of £350, medals and a knighthood. In 1815 he was made deputy quartermaster general in Scotland, and in 1825 of Ireland. He was made Major General in 1830 and lieutenant-governor of Guernsey in 1837, whence he retired in 1842 to Clifton, Bristol. (4)
Wealth at death
Under £300 (4)
Chapel connection
Baptism (1816)
Marianne Bullock
Marianne (1816), James (1817), Caroline (1819), Sholto James (1820), Elizabeth (1822)
Shared a great-grandfather with Helen Frances Douglas


  1. Registers of Charlotte Chapel (NAS CH12/3)
  2. Edinburgh Post Office Directory
  3. Descendants of the 1st Earl of Queensberry, online, accessed 6 June 2011
  4. H.M. Stephens rev. James Lunt, 'Douglas, Sir James Dawes (1785-1862) in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)

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