Anne Susan Lloyd

Both on her father's side (cloth trade in Yorkshire), and on her mother's (iron manufacture in Staffordshire) Anne's family belonged to a successful, politically reformist middle class, as did her husband. She appears to have been unhappy in Edinburgh, where there was no such social circle: Whig society consisted chiefly of a small group of lawyers and clergy, and her husband's active influence was of key importance in developing Edinburgh's progressive edge in this period. To her, Edinburgh must have appeared a very staid and conservative city.

Stockton Hall, Yorkshire, moving as a young child to Hampstead, London
Gamaliel Lloyd 1744-1817, merchant and political reformer. He was born in Hulme Hall near Manchester into a family who had been successful merchants since at least the mid-seventeenth century. He was apprenticed to the woollen industry in Leeds. In 1776 he went into partnership with an Italian merchant Horace Catteano to export woollen cloth, and he became one of the half-dozen wealthiest merchants of Leeds. He purchased Stockton Hall near York as a country seat. He was elected to the Leeds Corporation in 1771 and was Lord Mayor in 1778. He was involved in Christopher Wyvill's Yorkshire association, which favoured moderate reform of parliament, which Lloyd believe dwould ensure a shift in political influence to the 'wise, honest, able and incorruptible' independent merchants and gentry. He became less politically active with the campaign's failure. He moved to Bury St Edmunds in 1798 and then Hampstead. (6)
Elizabeth Attwood, daughter of James Attwood Esq. (4) James was an ironmaster who built Corngreaves House, Staffordshire, around 1780 (see image below: the house, with its later gothic additions, has recently been saved from demolition and restored). In 1818 James' son John built the Corngreaves Iron Works in Cradley Heath, a company which became the town's biggest employer for the next eighty years. (5) Several members of the family were political reformers including Elizabeth's cousin Thomas Attwood, a chartist and the first MP of Birmingham
43 Charlotte Square. Leonard first took Anne to Edinburgh in 1812 on a visit. They moved to Edinburgh to join his family in 1815. Their daughter wrote,
The removal from their many English friends was a great trial both to him and his wife. To her it was a separation from her nearest relatives; but they never hesitated in taking any step, however painful, which they considered was their duty, and they had only one mind between them on every subject. (3 p.68)
Political views
This is how her daughter described her:
She was very beautiful, and was remarkable for her purity of principle, her liberality of mind, her affectionate heart, and her entire absence of selfishness. Perhaps her most distinctive characteristic was her truthfulness, whih pervaded the whole of her inner and outward life.' (3)
Chapel connection
1816 (baptism)
Married on
June 1806
Leonard Horner
Mary Elizabeth (1808), Frances Joanna (1812), Anne Susanna (1816), Catherine Murray (1817), Leonora (1818), Francis (1820-1824), Joanna Baillee

Corngreaves Hall,
restored by Gr8 Space


  1. Registers of Charlotte Chapel (NAS CH12/3)
  2. Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1818
  3. Katharine M. Lyell, Memoir of Leonard Horner (London, Women's Printing Society, 1890) vol.1 p.11
  4. John Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland (Henry Colburn, London, 1836) vol.1 p.244
  5. Black Country History Archive Catalogue (Online accessed 2 August 2011)
  6. Daniel Webster Hollis, 'Gamaliel Lloyd 1744-1817' in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)

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